The global fight for polio is becoming tougher, thanks to a combination of a growing global community, a stronger economy and more people taking the disease seriously.
This week, the UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres and former US president Jimmy Carter will announce a global effort to eradicate polio by the end of the year.
With each passing day, the fight against the disease intensifies.
We will know by the next two months how many of the world’s most infectious diseases have been eradicated, how many people have recovered from polio, and whether the world has come out on top.
A global coalition The fight against cancer is the biggest challenge for the world.
The world’s leading cancer experts, including US President Barack Obama and Chinese President Xi Jinping, will be together on Sunday at a joint press conference to announce the US-China partnership to combat cancer.
This will be followed by the global launch of the World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF) and the WCRF-UN Global Partnership for Cancer Research.
The WHO will also be joining the announcement, and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) will be providing $100 million in additional funding.
There will also likely be a major announcement about the World Health Assembly.
A world without polio As the world becomes more aware of the polio virus, its impact on children, families and communities, it has become clear that the world is becoming increasingly desperate for a global polio eradication drive.
A study published in the Lancet Infectious Diseases journal in November revealed that over half of the people in Pakistan, a country of 11 million, are currently living with polio.
It has become a huge issue in Pakistan and is seen as a key reason why polio is resurgent in Afghanistan.
The Lancet researchers found that nearly 70% of Pakistanis had at least one parent with polio, while one in five Pakistanis is under the age of 10.
According to a World Health Organization (WHO) survey, 1 in 7 children in Pakistan is living with the virus, with nearly two thirds living with it in the past 12 months.
This is particularly true in the provinces of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Sindh, where the virus is still present.
“In areas with high levels of polio vaccination, a substantial proportion of children with polio in the country have survived or are recovering,” says Dr. Shafeeq Aziz, an immunologist and director of the Centre for Research in Globalisation at the WHO’s Department of Global Health.
In some places, the virus has been eradicating before.
In 2011, the US government declared that Pakistan was no longer a polio-endemic country.
However, the government of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, which was led by Sharif’s son-in-law, has remained steadfast in its refusal to eradicate the disease.
Pakistan’s prime minister has consistently refused to hand over the polio eradicating weapons to the WHO, even though the WHO has declared that the weapons have been removed from Pakistan.
In addition, the country’s army chief, General Raheel Sharif, is a member of the Pakistan Taliban and is said to have given the order to fight the polio campaign.
“Pakistan has been a leader in the fight for the eradication of polio for decades, and its refusal on a number of occasions to hand the weapons to WHO or to agree to international efforts is disappointing,” says Maitreya Fakhri, senior research fellow at the Centre on Global Health and Health Security at the University of Oxford.
“But the recent announcement of a global initiative is particularly worrying as it may mean that Pakistan will again be on a path to polio eradications, with a much larger number of children affected.”
This week’s announcement will be a significant setback for the global polio campaign, as it will likely prompt more countries to drop out of the WICF, the global vaccine supply chain.
This could be a bad sign for polio eradicators in the region.
“The WHO is a global organisation that has been working to bring polio vaccines to developing countries for the last several years, so it will be interesting to see if they are going to continue to do so,” says Fakhria.
The international response to polio and polio-related diseases can be traced back to the 1970s, when the first vaccine was given in Pakistan.
By the 1980s, it was widely recognised that the polio vaccine was effective in preventing the spread of the disease, and Pakistan had been able to reduce the number of cases and fatalities.
But the WHO was not the only organisation to make a contribution to the fight.
The World Health Organisation, the World Bank and the World Economic Forum helped establish the WHO Vaccine Initiative in 1979.
The initiative helped the WHO develop the first polio vaccine, and developed vaccines for other viruses such as anthrax and smallpox.
The programme was based on the belief that polio was a global disease and therefore could be eradicated without an international campaign.
In the early 1990s, the WPI was formed and the WHO vaccination